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Dodge Torqueflite Transmission Information
Chrysler introduced the
3 speed Torqueflite Transmission in 1956 with a cast iron case,
Aluminum case transmission
we are familiar with
today came out in 1960, with both the
904 Transmission (Torqueflite
6) for 6 cylinder cars and the
727 Transmission (Torqueflite
8) for V-8 cars and trucks. The
first years until 1965 were push button
1977 was the first year for
Torque converter lock up clutch.
1988 Was the introduction of the
A500 (42RH) Transmission and
the A518 Transmission,
The A500 transmission is a 904 with an
overdrive unit on the rear and lock up
converter clutch. The A518
(47RH) Transmission is a
727 transmission with
an overdrive unit on the back with or
without Lock up converter clutch.
1989 When Dodge put the
Cummins Diesel engine
in their trucks they first used the 3
speed Torqueflite 8 and
then in 1991 they came out with the
is a 727 transmission with overdrive
unit . The lock up converter wasn't
available until model year 1994 with
Dodge Cummins diesel trucks.
1994 (Jeep Grand Cherokee only)
and 1996 with all rear drive
Dodge Trucks and Vans we have
(A500) and the 46RE (A518) for
gas engines and the
47RE for Diesel engines.
The new change here is the
addition of and electronic
governor solenoid and transducer.
Apparently the mechanical governor that
lasted for 35 years or so just
wasn't good enough to keep up with
emissions and fuel mileage standards set
forth by Uncle Sam.
2004: the final saga of renaming a
transmission: 48RE Transmission
for Dodge Cummins Diesel
applications which is simply a
47RE with new design pump,
torque converter and valve body
modifications to combat TCC
To put it simply the Dodge
Torqueflite transmissions have
had some 46 years of service under
several names but they all are basically
the same Transmission and some of the
parts from 1960 will fit a 2006 model
There actually are a few more model
designations but lets not clog your head
too full of useless information, just
remember these Transmissions
are in any rear wheel drive
Chrysler, Dodge and
or truck, Jeeps, AMC products,
Trucks, Street sweepers and
industrial machinery from 1960 thru 2000
and beyond for allot of applications
before being phased out in 2007.
What transmission do I have?
Technical data for Dodge Torqueflite transmissions
Includes Pressure testing,
Dodge truck band adjustments,
ratios, and applied elements.
Complaint: Dodge Transmission wont shift/late 2-3 or unless foot lifted off throttle, flares
or neutrals on shift. Dodge trans 2-3 shift flare or slip fix.
The inner seal in the direct (3rd or front) drum has shrunken undersize and wont seal. This may be worse cold, may or may not shift at all, no codes present. If you have governor
codes then diagnose first. Some of the A518,47RE,46RE and 48RE drums the groove was cut too deep as well making this problem more prevalent. there are larger seals available when
rebuilding these transmissions to combat this problem as well in aftermarket kits and work fine if you have undercut drum etc.
Do scotch brite the inside of the aluminum piston to give the seal a fresh
smooth surface as well.
Cheater Repair Trick:
If this is only problem with
transmission and everything else is fine a simple fix that may or may not last long is take DOT3 brake fluid, using the cap off the bottle, fill cap with brake fluid and pour down
the filler tube, run truck for a week etc. you should see vast improvement if its the seal shrunken,
the brake fluid will attack the seal and expand it again. You do Have to change the fluid
and filter AFTER
it starts working ok as if you
leave the brake fluid in there too long it can swell the seals too much etc.(Very Important
)This may or may not last any determined time if does work. will likely have return of
same problem at some point down the road and if doesn't work then you will need rebuild or replace inner seal etc.
(Clutches may also be wiped out in the drum.)
Complaint: Dodge Governor pressure or transducer codes:
P1762, P1763, P1764.
There are several issues that can cause Governor codes in Dodge vehicles, First
and most common is simply either the governor solenoid is faulty and or the
pressure transducer is faulty. However if you go to change these as you suspect
they are bad or have tested and know are faulty and you remove the oil pan and
its full of debris and or metal chips etc that's what may be clogging up your
governor solenoid screens and or solenoid. replacing the solenoid and sensor
will likely result in temporary fix.
Governor and pressure
P1763 can Be set if your line pressure is too high, such as shift modification
kit installed and or stuck regulator valve, stuck/frozen TV linkage from engine.
If shift kit has been added you may need to kepp line pressure in drive at idle
to between 90 and 95 psi. There is also some software updates on pre 99 vehicles
to combat false code P1763.
P1762,P1763,P1764 or no codes and transmission wont shift, shifts late, wrong
gear starts: First check for any O2 sensor codes, the governor solenoid shares a
ground with the heated O2 sensor ckt, repair as necessary any O2 codes/issues
first. sometimes you may not have any O2 codes. a good test here can be to
unplug all the O2 sensors and drive the truck, if you problem goes away or your
codes then you've narrowed down your problem already. a lot of times its the O2
sensor itself is shorted and feeding volts back thru ground ckt. and driving the
governor solenoid or sensor nuts.
The best way to test governor and sensor operation is to use scan tool to watch
commanded pressure and actual along with a gauge on the governor port of
transmission, all should closely match and believe the gauge over actual on
Complaint: Dodge truck/Jeep Engine stalls when coming to
Cause: This can be very abrupt! feels like side stepping clutch on manual in
gear. Possible the converter clutch is stuck on or dragging. this can be due to
several problems. one being the lock up solenoid is stuck or plugged with
debris, again if pans full too changing solenoid wont cure issue for long!
sometimes the solenoid can be loose on the valve body as well. This can also be
caused by valve in valve body stuck in stroked position.
On 46RE, 47RE and 48RE transmissions it could be caused by large cross leak in
pump stator, this will usually however cause TCC shudder or no TCC, wiped out
On V-8 gas engines the crank sensor in lower right side of engine can be weak
and engine will stall and feel like converter is stuck on and stalling engine
but is actually bad crank sensor. this may or may not stall all the time or very
Complaint: Dodge No shift or late shifts, lazy or no
speedometer, may have no codes.
Cause: Either the output speed sensor is faulty or the rear differential ABS
sensor is faulty. This can be very erratic, intermittent, etc. The computer uses
both the ABS sensor reading along with the output speed sensor reading to
calculate desired governor pressure and transmission shifting. these both can be
monitored with a scan tool.
Complaint: Dodge truck Transmission "hunts" in and out of lock
4th gear on steady cruise, poss. no codes. Cummins diesel or gas dodge
Cause: This is likely the TPS sensor, voltage signal to TCM/PCM is erratic at
certain throttle settings. will usually drop lock up in and out first. You can
monitor TPS voltage signal with scan tool, when driving steady throttle should
not move. .10th volt is enough to cause this problem. very common on V-8 gas and
Cummins Diesel. The Cummins Diesel can also have worn or loose pin on TPS
mechanical part causing same problems
1998 and up Cummins Diesel trucks have a APP instead of a TPS and can have yet
another problem with the signal coming out of the ECM and or the wiring from ECM
to the PCM causing same issue. Quick cheater repair : Jump
additional wire into circuit H102. Cut the wire at circuit K22 at the PCM C1
connector, pin 23. Connect the jump wire from circuit H102 to pin 23 on PCM connector C1 and drive the truck to see if your problem is gone.
Complaint: Dodge/Jeep Trouble code P1740 TCC slip /TCC
Cause: Code 1740 means that the TCM hasn't seen proper rpm drop when Converter
clutch is commanded. Likely causes can be: Low fluid levels (check in neutral
only) Torque converter clutch lining has failed, delaminated from inside
converter, mechanical lock up solenoid failure, loose lock up solenoid to valve
body bolts, Broken spring retainer on valve body, stuck valves, and on 46RE,47RE
and 48RE transmissions the pump stator has cross leaks or the passage ball has
First and easiest to check is the fluid level, if low fill and road test etc.
find the leak! Then you can remove valve body and check for loose bolts on
solenoid, broken retainer on valve body. check for stuck valve (which would
likely be due to heavy contamination so you may need an overhaul if this was the
case). You can also air check solenoid operation with 12volt supply and air into
Tech info on stator
and boost valve retainer
There's no good way to test converter clutch and if the last tests don't reveal
anything then you need to remove transmission and replace the converter. on the
518,618,46RE,47RE and 48RE units you should remove pump, check that passage ball
is still in place and not loose, and check surface of stator assembly because
its commonly not flat and can be lapped with good sharpening stone by hand.
Complaint: Dodge transmission, Found broken snap ring in
oil pan during service.
Cause: Likely the direct overdrive snap ring in rear housing is breaking. very
common and this should be replaced during every overhaul. if transmission was
working fine and pan is clean you can remove rear housing and replace this and
leave rest of transmission in the truck. There's a huge spring that you need
tool for, alignment shaft, and hydraulic press to disassemble and reassemble the
overdrive unit. failure to use tools and press can result in injury to ones self
and damaged parts.
Complaint: Dodge transmission, No 2nd gear, may seem to
shift late 1-2
Cause: If seems to shift late 1-2 or first shift try manual 1 to manual 2
driving and see if shifts to 2nd at all, if not then what your "late" shift is
is actually a 1-3 shift skipping 2nd. this likely means your band isn't working.
If your lucky the band strut broke and that all that's wrong!
It can also be that band is wiped out. remove transmission pan and see if the
parts is the picture are in your pan. if they are you have to remove valve body
and replace any broken strut and reassemble. Tip: Sometimes also the band
adjuster has also backed out of the case, see band adjustments under rebuilding
information near bottom of page.
Complaint: All shifts Are late/hard or wont shift at
all, 1-2 shift only.
Cause: Very possible that the TV cable or linkage is rusted up and frozen from
engine to transmission, Broken etc. On the later cable operated TV set ups the
ball on the end of cable at transmission gets rusty and stick all the way down
which results in high pressure/late/no shifts. very common problem, remove end
and clean up stud ball, grease etc for repairs. TV cable adjustment: With
everything free/working remove end of cable on throttle body and check
that the stud on throttle body and cable end line up disconnected at min
throttle setting. if not adjust cable/linkages. all should move together evenly
during all throttle settings. (If cable falls off you will have low pressure and
slipping, burnt up transmission after short time)
Complaint: Leaking out of front of transmission.
Cause: First thing to do here is verify your not overfull of transmission oil!
the vent is inside of the bell housing on Dodge transmissions. this can occur if
your changing out transmission and you overfill before starting engine etc and
you may think you have a leak when you really dont.
Retrieving trouble codes from Dodge/Jeep
Dodge and Jeep vehicles have built in diagnostics and they are very easy
to access and read stored trouble codes without the use of any scan-tool. For
trucks with mechanical odometers (early) you click the ignition key on and off 3
times, leaving the key on the 3rd time. then watch the check engine light. it
will flash 2 digit codes as follows: one blink-pause-2 blinks: this would be
code 12 for batt. will then pause again and go to next code. the last code will
always be a 55 which means end. if starts with 55 then you have no codes.
2 digit code list
For trucks with digital odometers (up to 2005 model years) you do same
procedure, click key on and off and 3rd time leave key on, will then display
codes in 4 digit manner in odometer readout area such as 1763 which would mean
P1763 for governor. will go thru all one by one. if none are present will not
display anything and or say "done".
4 digit code list
Complaint: No reverse and all forward gears good.
Cause: usually this means the low/reverse band has broken. in some case and
mostly in the 518,618,46RE,47RE and 48RE the rear band servo piston can crack or
break, this can be fixed in the truck without removing transmission, pull pan
off and see if band broken or piston is broken or cracked.
Complaint: Cannot shift into park, or park wont hold, stuck in park.
Cause: Common problem here can be that the direct overdrive snap ring has broken/cracked into pieces and is
jammed in the parking
Pawl mechanism. This can be repaired in the vehicle by removing the overdrive section from transmission and
dislodging the broken snap ring parts,
replace snap ring with new.(you need tool set and hydraulic press to disassemble the overdrive section once out of vehicle, large spring under load,
do not attempt without tool set and proper press etc or injury may result)Check park rod ends for damage as well.
Checking fluid level and correct fluid for Dodge
The Torqueflite transmission fluid needs to be checked in neutral only. checking
in park will give false reading as will read higher than is, no converter flow
in park on these. for any Dodge transmission with a lock up converter clutch you
must use Chrysler ATF+4/7176 or you will have TCC shudder and or failures. if
you have non lock up unit than you can use regular Dexron3 or equivalent.
Complaint: Dodge A518, 618 and 500: no 4th or lock up.
Cause: Check the fuse: 4th and lock up are computer controlled and 1-2-3 are
hydraulic on pre 96 trucks. you can lose power to trans and will be just a three
speed. On any of these units you can have no 4th or lock up due to loose
solenoid bolt on valve body, leaking gasket, and or faulty solenoid.
On earlier trucks you can have internally grounded neutral switch or shorted
starter relay which will not allow 4th gear as TCM sees park or neutral all the
time, simple test is does truck start in any gear? if so your switch, relay or
Ckts are the problem.
On older or high mileage vehicles you can have the seals on the overdrive piston
shrink so much they wont seal in the bore and cause no 4th as well. this can be
fixed by removing the overdrive housing and replacing the seals on the piston on
rear of transmission.(or see first complaint for 2-3 shift problem and cheater repair with brake fluid,
this may work here as well) Be sure to clean up bore as well from scratches.
General rebuilding tips for Dodge truck and Jeep transmissions.
First and foremost on these transmissions is REPLACE the bushings in the unit. they wear badly and can cause all kinds of troubles, check the ring bores due to worn bushings.
the most important ones are the pump, direct drum and sun gear bushings. check
sun gear for wear damage to teeth. very common on large unit to have
fatigued/pitting gear teeth on rear of sun gear, replace as necessary.
On 518,618,46RE,47RE and 48RE units flat stone the
alleviate TCC shudder and failures.
If the 2nd band wiped out check drum surface with straight edge to make sure its
not dished in the middle, grooved etc. POLISH the band surface of the drum with light
scotch brite or very fine emery cloth, DO NOT use a belt sander or rough sand
paper, air grinder or anything like that unless you want a lousy shift feel and
or band failure! the surface should be smooth, round, even and the more shiny
the finish is the better the shift quality will be. if drum is clean and smooth
and shiny your better off leaving alone than to dull it. ( this goes for clutch
steels as well, smoother/polished will give you better shift and rough will give
lousy shift and poss. clutch failure, do not use "cookie wheel" rough
sand paper or angle grinder
Check the 4th accumulator spring for breakage (in valve body) replace as
necessary. (very common issue)
Replace the top wave snap ring holding the direct overdrive clutch pack and
spring together. its very common to break, always replace with new.
Diesel Transmissions: if your front planetary in the transmission is aluminum
ALWAYS upgrade to steel planetary package! it will strip out the inner splines
or shatter with a diesel engine. good upgrade for any unit being used hard as
Polish the inside of
direct drum piston
and install wider updated inner seal. also polish the inside seal bore areas of
the overdrive aluminum housing same as direct.
Always replace torque converter with quality remanufactured.
Make sure you use the updated wider inner seal in the direct drum so you wont
have the shrinking seal syndrome.
Its good idea to replace the low reverse band if its the single wrap style as
they like to break from fatigue, check the servo piston for cracks as well as
the anchor struts in the 727,518,46RE units.
Replace the governor solenoid and governor pressure transducer. these are high
In rust belt states look at oil pan and if it has rust "Zits" all over get a new
one so its not back leaking tomorrow.
Check in the overdrive housing where the snap ring for the large bearing is in
rear, sometimes the snap ring groove is worn out and will cause severe end play,
housing will need to be replaced if worn. also check the bearing, it can go bad
and makes loud noise driving.
For shift quality upgrades
for your trucks transmission parts needs.